Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Pakistani Traditional Dishes & Popular Food

Every country, region and even local regional people have their own taste and to cater to that everyone has their own style of food, dishes and own recipes. In sub-continent, while Sri Lanka and Bangladesh have hundreds of dishes related to rice and fishes alone, its the rich Pakistani and Indian culture that have thousands if not millions of recipes. In Pakistan, we have regional dishes and food and then there are dishes popular country wide. In KPK, food and recipes are inspired from neighbouring Afghanistan, Punjab has a rich culture, Sindh and Balochistan have their own traditional food. Some traditional and popular food throughout stand apart all and are equally liked by everyone.

Here some popular and famous dishes are being introduced:

Biryani & Pulaos
Biryani and Pakistani foods are directly linked. No Pakistani feast is complete without its presence. It is basically a South Indian dish but it became a smashing hit in Pakistan for people here are crazy about it. It is made from rice and meat of any type. Biryani took many forms and shapes and even recipe variations here such as Mutton Biryani, Sindhi BIryani, Tikka Biryani, aalo Biryani etc.

Similarly, Pulao comes second after it. It has many forms and methods of cooking because of the variation of culture and differences of areas.

Makai Ki Roti & Sarsoon (mustard) ka Saag
Makai ki Roti with Sarsoon da saag is a famous Punjabi recipe. It involves mustard leaves, makai flour and that’s it. Whenever there is a need to represent village culture of Pakistan, it is shown to be eaten.

Kababs / Naan
Naan Kababs are not dishes actually but kind of essential add-ons or pop-ups of a Pakistani dining table. Kebab is made from minced meat and naan with flour dough. There is a wide variety of kababs in a Pakistani dinner table like Shami Kabab, Tikka Kabab, Gola Kabab, Seekh Kabab, Aalo kabab, Chapli Kabab, Chappli Kabab and many more.They are either used together or separately or with other dishes such as Pualo Kabab, Bun kabab or naan nehari etc.

Naan also has many forms like Qeema Nan, Aalo Nan, Roghni Nan and so on, especially Roghni naan is very popular among Pakistanis.

 Korma & Nehari
Korma & Nehari are also yummy Pakistani food items. Meat is involved in cooking both the dishes. People enjoy eating them on special occasions such as weddings, dinners, parties and hangouts etc.

Haleem And Hareesa
Haleem and Hareesa involve a lot of food items like lentils; rice, meat, maze etc. but the amalgam of such product is surely is super-duper tasty in the form of Haleem or hareesa. They are majorly served with Naan.

Seeji & Dampukht
Seeji or Saji and Dumpakht are two especial Baluchi cuisine that have become so famous all over the country now. It is made out after skewing whole lamb that makes it unique and scrumptious for all. Dampukht is also made from meat but its cooking involves a lot of fats.

Halwa Puri
Halwa Puri is the last but not least especial breakfast item of Pakistan. It is originated from Punjab but famous all over the world for its yummy taste and halwa eye-catching color. Halwa is a sweet dish that involves Suji, a kind of flour and sugar majorly; while Puri is made out of gram-flour and then deep fried in the oil.

Dying culture of Sindh

Mela and Malakhra are soul of Sindhi culture. After hearing about Mela, a thought of gladness arise in our minds and we become curious to have a look on such Mela.

Primarily when Arabs came here for trade or for visiting purpose, they began to play this game here and it was also inherited in the form of Sindhi culture.

They also used to compete in battlefields and had a deal that, who ever wins will be the owner of that land.

Later natives of this region liked this game a lot and that is why they adopted it and today it has become a part of Sindhi culture.

In Mela, different types of traditional games, competitions like animal races are organized and most amazing part of a Mela is "Malh" (wrestling). It is very interesting game and is also called Malakhro which is the most illustrious name.

Some miraculous games also amaze people too much in Mela like cradles, trains, well of death, zoo and circus where wonderful magic tricks are shown.

These all are arranged by those people who put their life at risk and amuse people. Some other places are arranged, especially for children like stalls for shopping, where different types of toys are kept for sell.

There is also another side of the Mela one can find sweet stalls. There are so many other areas like Adabi conference and Mushaira where certain men of letter and poets come to cherish the audience.

There are some traditional Melas which take place in cities like Sehwan  (Qalandar Lal Shehbaz's Mela), Bhitt Shah (Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai's Mela), Faridabad (Shah Godriyo's Mela) and Khairpur Nathan Shah (Nathan Shah's Mela).

These are festivals where Malakhro is essential element.

In Malh competition, participants (Malh Pehlwan) come from different parts of the country.

Malh is extremely fascinating game which is played under some rules and regulations. No wrestler wants to lose and do not want to be disgraced.

People come to see Malakhro not only from Sindh, Balochistan, Panjab and NWFP but also from foreign countries like Afghanistan, China and India etc.

There may be some reasons, by which Melas and Malakhra (Malh) are about to lose their historical importance.

Hence, to preserve this unparalleled heritage of our culture, it is necessary to come forward and raise a voice in order to keep it safe because if we would not keep our culture safe then who else will?

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Kanchey or Golli Gundu

Golli is one of the most popular traditional games played all over the (Sub Continent), it is also called as kanchey in Pakistan and Marbles in English. This game is considered as one of the street game and is banned by many parents nowadays. 

Things Required:
  • A set of Golli (kanchey) (marbles or small colored glass balls about 1 cm in diameter)
  • 2 or more players
  • A shallow hole is dug in open ground

How to aim?
The marble is held tautly in the forefinger of the left hand. Then the finger is stretched back like a bow-string by the pressure of the forefinger of the right hand the golli is shooted  by releasing the finger Remember, while pushing the marble, the left thumb should firmly touch the ground.

Who plays first?
 To decide the player who gets the first turn, two lines are drawn on the ground - one about half a foot and the other three feet away from the hole. The players stand at the second line and try to throw their marbles into the hole. The person whose marble closest to the hole gets to play first.

How to Play?
 The objective of the game is to throw the Golli into the hole.
  • Each player contributes two gollies. The first player throws them together aiming at the hole using one hand.
  • In those two gollies one may fall in the hole and other outside the hole or both outside the hole. Then the co players choose a golli, and then the first player is asked to hit the selected golli with another golli that belongs to him. If he succeeds, he wins all the gollies in the hole. If not, he gets the one with which he hit.
  • The next player takes his turn with the remaining gollies.
  • If all the players golli does not go into the hole at the first try then second starts, in this the players have to strike out of the way the goli thrown by the other boys. Or, with a gentle blow from one’s goli, push the other goli, so into the hole.
The player who ends with the largest number of marbles is the winner.

Sunday, September 1, 2013

وادی کیلاش کی صدیوں پرانی ثقافت خطرہ سے دوچار

پاکستان کے شمالی علاقے میں واقع وادی چترال قدرتی حسن سے مالا مال ہے جبکہ یہاں صدیوں سے آباد ’کیلاش‘ قبیلہ اپنی منفرد تہذیب اور ثقافت کی وجہ سے پاکستان کے رنگا رنگ کلچر میں ہیرے کی طرح دمکتا چلا آرہا ہے۔ لیکن گزرتے وقت اور حالات کی سختیوں کے باعث اب اسے خطرات لاحق ہوگئے ہیں۔ قبیلے کے افراد کی تعداد گھٹتے گھٹتے 6 ہزار تک محدود ہو گئی ہے جو ایک لمحہ ِفکریہ ہے۔
وادی چترال کئی چھوٹی چھوٹی وادیوں کا مجموعہ ہے جن میں ’بمبوریت، رمبور اور بریر‘ نام کی وادیاں بھی شامل ہیں۔ کیلاش قبیلے کے زیادہ تر افراد انہی وادیوں میں آباد ہیں۔ایک دور میں اس قبیلے کو وادی کا حکمراں قبیلہ تصور کیا جاتا تھا۔
پاکستان کے ایک موخر انگریزی اخبار ’ٹری بیون‘ کی ایک رپورٹ میں کہا گیا ہے کہ وادی کے بیشتر افراد نے رضاکارانہ طور اپنا مذہب تبدیل کرلیا ہے۔ مذہب کی تبدیلی کے ساتھ ہی ان کی روایات، ثقافت اور رہن سہن بھی یکسر بدل رہا ہے۔ یہ سلسلہ نا صرف اِس وقت بھی جاری ہے بلکہ اس میں بہت تیزی آگئی ہے۔
 ماہرین سماجیات نے اس خدشے کا اظہار کیا ہے کہ اگر یہی صورتحال رہی تو منفرد ثقافت اور قدیم روایات کے امین اس قبیلے کا نام ونشان مٹ جائے گا کیوں کہ اس تبدیلی سے قدیم تہذیب کا خاتمہ ہو رہا ہے۔
ماہر سماجیات اقبال نسیم کا کہنا ہے ’ضرورت اس امر کی ہے کہ قبیلے کے لباس اور زندگی گزارنے کے طریقے اور کلچر کو کتابوں میں محفوظ کیا جائے کیوں کہ کیلاش وادی کی روایات تیزی سے دم توڑ رہی ہیں اور یہ مشترکہ عالمی ورثہ کا بڑا نقصان ہو گا۔‘

سوشل ورکر وقاص علی کے خیال میں، ’جدید تعلیم کیلاش کلچر کے زوال کی ذمہ دار ہے۔ جیسے جسے تعلیم کی شرح میں اضافہ ہو رہا ہے، قبیلے کے افراد اپنی روایات چھوڑتے جارہے ہیں۔ عالمی کلچر سے جڑنے کے لئے وہ اپنا صدیوں پرانا کلچر اور ثقافت ترک کرنے پر آمادہ ہیں۔

سب کچھ ختم نہیں ہوا
کیلاش قبیلے کے بہت سے نوجوان لڑکے اورلڑکیاں ایسے بھی ہیں جو جدید تعلیم حاصل کرنے کے ساتھ ساتھ اپنے کلچر اور روایات پر فخر کرتے ہیں اور ان پر خوشی خوشی عمل بھی کرتے ہیں۔ شیریں گل یونیورسٹی سے اردو ادب میں ماسٹرز کی ڈگری لینے کے بعد پاکستان ریڈ کریسنٹ سوسائٹی کے لئے بطور ہیلتھ پروموٹر کام کرنے والی میتا گل کا شمار بھی ایسے ہی نوجوانوں میں ہوتا ہے۔
اپنے روایتی لباس میں ملبوس میتا نے بتایا کہ ان کے قبیلے میں خواتین کوحاصل ہونے والی آزادی کسی بھی دوسرے قبیلے سے زیادہ ہے۔ کچھ عرصہ پہلے قبیلے میں ارینج میرجیز کا رواج پڑ گیا تھا جس سے شادی کے بعد علیحدگی کے کیسز میں اضافہ ہوگیا۔ اس کا نتیجہ یہ نکلا کہ پرانی روایت کے مطابق اب لڑکا لڑکی شادی کے لئے خود اپنا جیون ساتھی منتخب کرتے ہیں۔
 میتا گل کا یہ بھی دعویٰ تھا کہ دوسرے مذاہب کی طرف جانے والوں کی تعداد میں کمی آئی ہے کیونکہ اب لوگوں میں اپنی روایات کو قائم رکھنے کا شعور پیدا ہو گیا ہے۔
جب ان سے ان کے رنگارنگ اور خوبصورت لباس کے بارے میں سوال کیا گیا تو میتا گل کا کہنا تھا سردی ہو یا گرمی، مجھے یہی لباس پہننا پسند ہے اور میں اسے بہت آرادم دہ پاتی ہوں۔

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Bangles and earrings:

Jewelry tradition is very old and women are very fond of jewelry. Bangles are the type of ornament worn by women. To wear bangles is a very old trend but the new trendy bangles are more versatile and lovable then ever before. There are different types of bangles some are of the metals and glass & some are made of gold and silver. Different types of bangles have different sounds like metals, gold also have attractive clinking sound.

On the Eid festival, There was a great crowd in all markets. All girls bought different kinds of bangles for their dresses.

One of the accessories that have been found is earring. They are also of different kind size and shapes. Earing also found in different styles and colors that have great attractions for young girls.